To fund a comfortable retirement, the Australian Super Funds Association (ASFA) says a couple will need $56,317 a year. Even a modest retirement is estimated to cost $32,603 annually 1. When you consider many Australians will live for 20 years or more after retiring, that's a significant amount to save. Fortunately, if you're approaching retirement age or even if you are already at retirement age, there are a number of ways you can make the most of social security entitlements. Here are five tips to help you maximise your retirement savings, so you can get on with enjoying your retirement.
1. Maximise pension payments
If you apply for a government pension from Centrelink or the Department of Veterans' Affairs (DVA) you will be assessed under the income and asset tests.
If you're under the threshold (which is adjusted each year), you'll be eligible to receive a government pension. The amount you receive depends on the results of your tests.
However, if you're under the pension age 2, Centrelink and the DVA don't include your superannuation in these income and asset tests, provided it is still in the accumulation (rather than pension) phase. So if you're nearing retirement, you may want to consider selling other investments – for example, a business or investment property – then re-investing the proceeds into your super fund.
The contribution will be considered a personal, after-tax contribution, which is tax-free. And the value of your assessable assets will be reduced, potentially boosting your eligibility to receive a government pension.
By supplementing your income with a government allowance, you can reduce the amount you need to draw from your superannuation, which can be especially useful during volatile market conditions.
2. Reinvest your super
If you're aged between 55 and 59, you may be eligible to withdraw up to $180,000 3 of your super benefit without paying tax on it. But did you know you can also re-contribute it to your super fund?
Any amount you re-contribute is considered a personal after-tax contribution 4, so it will be part of the tax-free component of your super benefit. You can then draw a tax-free income from your super account to help you meet your living expenses until you turn 60.
3. Check if you qualify for a health care concession card
If you retire before pension age, you may be eligible for the low-income health care card. This covers GP bulk billing, gives you considerably cheaper prescriptions on the PBS list and offers some other medical concessions.
At present, you can qualify for this card if your income is less than $497 per week if you're single, or $862 per week if you're a couple. Keep in mind that superannuation in the accumulation phase isn't assessed, nor are account-based pensions under the deductible amount. You can have some financial investments too – at present, up to $663,575 if you're single or $1,149,625 for couples.
4. Contribute to your still-working partner's superannuation
If you're at an age where you can draw a pension but your spouse isn't, you can cash out up to $450,000 5 from your super and put it in your spouse’s superannuation account as an after-tax contribution. Not only will this reduce your assessable financial assets, but it will also increase the amount of pension you're entitled to.
The amount you contribute to your spouse’s super increases the tax-free component of their superannuation, potentially reducing the tax on any withdrawals.
5. Salary sacrifice while you're still working
You probably already know about salary sacrifice as a tax-effective strategy. However, there are even more benefits to salary sacrifice if you're aged 55 or more, and plan to keep working.
By asking your employer to sacrifice part of your pre-tax income directly into a super fund and then using a transition to retirement pension (TTR) to replace your salary, you could potentially reduce your tax. This is because income payments from a TTR attract a 15% tax offset when you're aged between 55 and 59. And, once you turn 60, this income becomes tax-free. So you can increase your retirement funds without reducing the money you have to live on.
What's more, you don't need to pay tax on investment earnings from a TTR pension, compared to 15% from other superannuation earnings.
Keep in mind that if you start a TTR, under the current super laws you'll need to draw between 4% and 10% of the account balance each year when you're under 65.
Remember that super laws may change from year to year, and everyone's financial circumstances are different. Give the team at Southern Advisory a call to discuss what super strategies are best for you.
1 ASFA Retirement Standard, March 2013
2 Eligibility for age pension
3 Low rate cap for 2013/14 tax year. Indexed by AWOTE annually to the nearest $5,000.
4 Subject to excessive contribution tax or return of excessive contribution if exceeding contribution caps.
5 Be aware that benefit tax may be payable if you are aged between 55 and 59.
Source: Colonial First State